December 16, 1966 New York City
I am up at six. The morning is dark and cold. I am in excellent humor, even smiling inwardly, though my face is heavy from lack of sleep. What is it. I remember a dream. I was back at Franklin Elementary School, in my present age and form, watching the columns of children lining up and dispersing in the halls. (They "lined up?"this must be from the army.) And I saw the principal and she recognized me too and we practically embraced. She offered her name when I hesitated: "Olga Saunders." She moved on about her tasks. I got into my fast and new car (I have no fast new car) and drove up and down through various orchard paths, lost and wandering, finally coming to a highway that was being paved. I drove onto it -- no, I was walking now and my feet sank into the fresh asphalt so that I knew I would be annoying the paving crew. They were British (they must have been of the Eighth Army, now that I ponder them). I offered to take a rake and smoothen my deep tracks. They talked and got various tools together but nothing was really done and I drifted into restless wakefulness.
Then as I lay there I thought of drug therapy, something I had been lecturing about last evening. I had mentioned to the students the possibilities of experiments on the recall of historical events under various types of stimulants, narcotics, and psychedelics. What would happen were the same event to be recalled first by ordinary memory strain, then under hypnosis, then under psychoanalysis, then sodium Pentothal, then alcohol, then LSD, etc? The shape of memory would probably alter. New dimensions of events would come out. The Multiplicity of Truth would be revealed.
All of this rehearsed itself in a few seconds as I lay and stretched and turned. Then I thought, half asleep, of the language of the old. I was lecturing. I said "The very old talk in the language and dialect of their childhood. Senility. Childhood and infancy. How difficult it is to persuade students (and colleagues) that politics of the adult recapitulate pre-political infancy and childhood! Therefore, it occurred to me that we might go at this large problem by initiating new studies of regressive senility. We might interview the very old about political subjects. Let us find and compare the metaphors, style, ideas of the dithering politician with his youthful or middle-aged product. From the old we might rediscover the earliest layers of political socialization and education. So I arose.
December 21, 1966 7:45 PM New York City
Django Reinhardt is playing on the phonograph. Nina is combing her hair. There is a way out of the disintegration of Africa without throwing out the whites -- an impossibility. The Europeans are Africa as the Negroes are.
Organize at a total level.
Let there be a general African nation and in it let there be a bicameralism corresponding to the total interest in Africa --
One cannot do without the other.
A solution to the Rhodesian problem cannot be found within Rhodesia. White will not submit to black nor black to white. If white holds power there will be order and few deaths, but less economic justice (very little less) and less dignity for the black. If black hold power then whites will be killed or driven out and political turmoil will prevail.
So with other countries.
Black cannot even live with black, as seen in Nigeria and Burundi.
Black and White live in the Union of South Africa in peace, but by suppression.
An over-all bicameral representative government will give maximum freedom, complete dignity to all in Africa and permit progress under orderly conditions.
December 21, 1966
Jews and What do you do with knowledge.
Hypothesis: 1. Men who discover (are creative) are either
a.inclined to insist that others follow or adopt their discovery
b.or are not.
2. Society (social environment) most often impedes discovery -- by large or small groups, no matter.
3. Jews are more likely to be type 1a above, because:
q. Social repression and subsequent over compensation -- want to be loved, followed, etc. intensely
r. Jewish culture fosters strongly this trait under other names (mother love, family ties, "Great Jews" myths, etc.)
4. Credit for creativity and discovery goes to the known applicator especially since "mere ideas" cannot be known, and "follow-through" is important.
5. Gentiles more than Jews "waste" "kick away" "give up" "don't care about" etc. re their discoveries.
6. Therefore: Jews are proportionately credited with more "discoveries" than Gentiles, with possible corollaries that
a. From one point of view, the Jews are not "more creative" or "more intelligent".
b. Gentile "discoverers" will have more "Jewish" psychological traits.
c. If you look into predecessors of discoveries or "ideas" who are scarcely known, you will find fewer Jews.
December 22, 1966 New York
A Note on Lost Paths of Research.
1. How Political Party Functions to protect political ignorance.
Cf. History of mass suffrage and mass party organization (quote perhaps from
Elements for conventional approach)
Cf. Legislative voting studies in Congress and Legislatures.
2. The Use of Election to Displace Hostilities and Project Guilt.
Use cautiously an instrument that is desired for one reason to perform another function.
3. The Chief Executive:
a. The myths of the presidency
b. The old theory of administration
c. What should a president do and not do.
4. Nationalism (Cf. Function with party = 1 of rare mores satisfying possessions that can be hitched directly to politics). The need for an explanatory dynamic theory of opinion and personality that can be followed whatever the "obvious" "surface" questions and issues to be asked at a given political campaign or other moment.
Cf. Studies showing no improvement:
b. All others
d. What Lipset and Ling have tried to do but failed
December 24, 1966 (as of January 23, 1967) Do by March 15, 1967
|1.||Edit Washington Debate||5 hours Done|
|2.||Do Income tax and Metron accounts||To do|
|3.||Prod Record Press on Republic in Crisis||Done but need more action|
|4.||Get bid on books from Indian Asia Publishing House||Initiated|
|5.||Prepare four memos on Congressional reform computers;Tribunes; Sub-Legislative Corps; Republican Councils||To do|
|6.||Draft article on Representative Government||To do|
|7.||Merge URS organize URS and set up Codexes I to X||In process|
|8.||Check with Dick Cornuelle re WIR System||Done|
|9.||Push American Government Text to Chapter XIV||In process|
|10.||Arrange Poetry Publication for May 5 (and write and send out blurb).||In process|
|11.||Check Eddie's mss with Record Press and Sara [Miller]||Initiated|
|12.||Write all agencies mentioned in the budget for the most complete description of their activities available|
|13.||Write representative government article.|
|14.||Gather all Scope and Codex X material in Princeton together and find Editor.|
I. Revise AG Text (Do to 14 by March 15; Do Chapters 1-20 in May)
II. Activities of the U.S. Government (Set up design and put assistant on it before March 15.
Get data in by May. Do writing in September. Turn in in January.)
III. Viet Nam Center
IV. Representative Government - NYU July/August
V. Universal Reference System Throughout
VI. Other: Poetry, fiction, articles, Works Publication.
VII. School for the Study of Independent Civic Action.
December 24, 1966
Why did the ancients have the idea of man being transformed into an animal, or evolving from an animal? Cf. Hindu beliefs, myths of Rome and Greece, pre-Darwinians et al. We should suspect that no idea has an accidental birth from nothing. Nothing can come from nothing.
But NB: The ancients could have observed metamorphosis?
They could have had nightmares and dreams of transformation.
They could watch the human baby develop into adult.
They could have ordinary hallucinations and illusions from false perceptions.
But then too could there have been some racial experience with actual human evolution -- rapid mutation.
December 29, 1966 Thursday Princeton
Today I am 47 years old. The only notice I've received has been a well-wishing card from an Allstate Insurance Company agent, who could care even less than I. I picked up the Canadian Air Force book of physical exercises -- pushed up from the floor by my hands 10 times, stretched in 3 other peculiar ways 40 times, and ran 350 steps. "I am graded "A" for a six-year old boy," I announced to Jill.
For a number of years, practically all political scientists have been going at the definition of the "field" of political science by means of the concept of "power". Abstract development of the theme have abounded, perhaps the best work being Lasswell's Variations on "A has power over B when A decides the X policies of B." One trouble is that power is thus diffused into every area of human relation. All influencing is power. I have gone along with this business (as in The Elements) but add "when the influencing is in the setting of government." Now I wonder whether we should give up this awkward bridging of a process and a subject in order to make a field of science out of both.
Lasswell from time to time talks of the policy sciences, which is simply applied political science and which is characterized simply by multiple perspectives and goal-achievement. Now the Classical political scientists talked of political science as the way of ruling men -- again policy science. They did not try to abstract the peculiar power [latelecky], which came with and after Machiavelli. Still this is not far from "How do you run the State" though it gives more concern to "How do you capture the State" which is of course "How do you win elections", and so forth.
Let us resumé what we have:
1. A problem of "how", i. e., an applied science problem.
2. A huge range of human activity (practically everything that happens can be relevant).
3. An abstract concept "power" by which it is hoped we can set up a sharper and more effective, therefore, set of rules of procedures. But while we say that we are interested in power, we find that this concept too is far too broad and brings in all influencing relations (family, marketplace, etc.) so we are even worse off than before in the broadness of scope of political science. Everything of old plus everything of the new!
December 16, 1966
Traditionally the Arabs and the Jews have gotten along very well. And even now when they encounter one another not in the context of the Israel/Palestine question but in another context, culture, or work, or travel, or in conference wherever it may be in the world the hostilities that operate between the two groups are hardly to be observed. And even at the height of the Israeli conflict the Arabs who used to be very clear in making this distinction that they were not anti-Semitic but they were anti-Israel and there is every reason to believe that this was a sincere and correct statement. I would say that it might even be somewhat the other way around. Probably it would be easier to instill anti-Arab hostility among the Jews than it would be anti-Jewish or anti-Israel hostility among the Arabs because of the difference in culture. The Jews coming in good part out of the European culture capable of expressing hostilities in the age-old central European manner where the art of hostility toward "out" groups has been perfected. With the children my point would be, I suppose, it would be possible to train people to such automatic, unmitigated hatred of others that they cannot be relied on, that they can always be relied upon to exist in a comfortable and complete state of hostility. Until they have contacts and then other factors go to work. For example in Germany the feeling against Jews was very intensively cultivated even though there were very few Jewish targets around just as there are not so many Arab targets in certain parts of Israel although there are a lot of Arabs in Israel. But by process of selective perception people can live among other people and never know they're there. And I think that is what has happened in some cases in Israel to the Jews - they don't notice that there are a number of Israeli Arabs. But taking the case of Germany again immediately after the war it was quite apparent that when they were told that that was a mistake this verbal learning which wasn't much associated with any actual contacts with Jews, because there were very few Jews around for the ordinary German to have contact with, that verbal learning very quickly replaced, dissolved, and you could have, I think, for the most part an excellent cooperation let us say, as much as you could have among Americans with respect to relations between the Jews and the population at large.
It seems rather incredible but, especially when people say how can you have this intensive kind of behavior one moment and the next moment turn it around and have the opposite kind of behavior or no behavior at all? Well it's all explainable in psychology. ( ) Well that's the trouble it does not lead to brotherhood necessarily you can always divide men by groups of one kind and create hostilities, you can divide brother from brother for that matter and so operate with any groups of any size. And where you have some historical background constantly being recalled to public attention you always have easier handles on which to hang your demands for conflict. If it were possible to give up holidays that have a religious significance there would be fewer handles on which to hang inter-ethnic or inter-religious conflicts. That being impossible one has to always live with the problem realizing that from time to time feelings can be exacerbated by the struggle, historically remembered
From Man to Superman
A million million miles away
Some men in a vessel will arrive one day
They are starting out now fabricating the parts
It has begun, this fifty years of starts
And the hundred-year voyage of success.
Seeds of the young are planted - ess
Between warm thighs of animals
Whose eccentric minds overleaped their stalls.
Their grandchildren will reach a planet
That will make us the Spaniards of a new America.
Some men in a ship will arrive one day
On a star a million million miles away
Their great grandfathers have already started
To fabricate the parts to be the archetypes
Of the superheteropolydynamo
Centenary of EmaniProd
Year of Great New Charter
Sweeping laws of all kinds vs. discrimination.
Elections, schools, [armies], government offices, private and public facilities
Self-rule clean-up and disciplining before that time of Neg. by Heb.
Mass demonstrations, parades
A new credo on race to be signed by millions of Americans, e. g.
"I pledge myself to condemn all prejudicial actions. I pledge myself to support the Constitution. I pledge not to be a hypocrite in any way on racial questions, etc."
Marginal notes on a printed article entitled "The Client and His Motivation -- Implications for the Social Worker, by Norman Brill, M. D. From Proceedings of California Conference of Social Work 1956. N.B. Problems of Legitimacy.
Welfare Notes. Material on the decline of motivation to live, be healthy. Help theory of Breakdown of agreement on "health" as objective. Consequent refutation of applied science of medicine. Cause of many failures of medicine. Greatest over-arching applied science on which there is agreement. Functional, subjective adjustment, from which, in undesirable cases, one can only build an applied science of health by [opposition] of this norm. Back to the sins of sloth, infantilism, over-dependence, etc. This time as they work on the unconscious.
Note 2. Paradoxical directives in modern life: to repress and suppress sins, thus making only conscious act an evil and allowing a great world of unconscious evil to go on (growth of hypocrisy and manners, submergence of morality, etc. occur). At the same time cures through the excavation of these hidden vices.
(1966? (or 1961?)
On the Rudiments of Political Science
On Man's importance
On subjectivity and relativism in politics and political theory
On the unconscious in politics
On fictions in political life
On political controls
On rationality in politics
On the political person
On political activity
On informal political activity
On formal political activity (groups)
"Human nature"culture/ideology; industrial organization; agriculturalorganization, communications
On the major forces determining politics
On their conventional representations
a. On geography in politics
b. On levels of government
On nationalism in politics
On the present limits of politics
On the possible and eternal limits of politics
x 10 average pp.
URS - CODEX Pictogram
Technique of Reference Retrieval
1. Who says
3. Does what
4. To whom
9. And how does he know it.
Use one pictogram for every plot (could be several in a book. Should ordinarily be one for each chapter of synops)
Specific Generic Inert
WHO says WHO does WHAT
WHAT MEDIUM WITH WHOM TO WHOM
WHY? HOW = Means
Values How SCOPE
object Subject WHEN
Is the impersonal society the atmosphere that generates mass murders?
What year was this incident: 1966?
"Love" the High School Senior in Arizona said nobody cared for him as he was about to murder his ten victims, all strangers, all women, all harmless.
An Appeal Against Certain Current Tendencies in Political Science
The new = needed when
a. x doesn't exist in old
b. x doesn't exist in sufficient quantity in old
c. The new should be in proportion to the need for it.
2. Political Systems Analysis
3. Positivism vs. positivism.
4. "Applied" vs. "Pure"
5. The recruitment of political scientists for qualities that exclude judgement and a sense of priorities.
WO Query: Has mankind (or at least that part of mankind that decides -- the elites) been sufficiently doctored over the centuries that it essentially believes in the equality of possibility of all races and strains?
If yes, then obviously many events are politically possible that were not so possible in centuries past.
If yes, query: Are there elites also less ready to butcher their own kind (i. e. : all races and strains including their own)?
Here the answer is not so certain. Perhaps No, i. e., perhaps, even though the world elites acknowledge human equality, they will not take as a fundamental premise "better dead than red," or the like, "better dead than bourgeois-controlled", "better dead than foreign-dominated".
Presentism is the natural scion of pragmatism. Since pragmatism stresses what is now, the process of realization -- presentism stresses the hortatory aspect of pragmatism. We know what is. Let us do now what must be.
All facts are not equal. But the facts of human relations as myriad. There must exist, if we could but know them, some few essential facts that will start us on the road to understanding our society. U. S. society is:
1. Drawn out like a long snake on the trail of time. Aboriginal social specimens to highly sophisticated forms.
2. Americans are schizophrenic with regards to violence and peace.
3. Americans hate to make sacrifices because they are taught that in principle everything they may want can be found by some clever way.
4. Americans are energetic (restless, impatient). They are distraught and distracted normally and more so when they have nothing going on. "What's cooking? What are you doing these days?"
5. Practically everybody has a number of social and economic prejudices that they are nothing loathe to employ. They are pleased to use these freely because they are poorly trained in formal logic and the country has still the marks, not bad on the whole, of being self-taught.
Do by February 8. [The whole page has been crossed out.]
1. See Dick Swift.
2. Send letter and manuscript on 12 by Candle to Morris Agency
3. Speak to Knowlton re 12 by Candle.
4. Arrange Sub-lease -- leave with Herb Neuman (possibly put on de Hoyos if no tenant)
5. Write Hans Dorgens Westherthal re Ombudsman - NO
6. Write Paul Ylvisaker, Director, Public Affairs, FF
7. Get contract letter from Baroody - AEI
8.? Arrange U. of Cincinnati lectures (Dieter Dux)
9. Write Liz Bettman - NO
10. Check with Consulates of Czechoslovakia, Algeria, Tunisia [phone State Department Passport Office]
11. See D'Arcy and Robin Farkas
12. Call Morrow
13. Call Elizabeth Geiser and Eric Moon
14. Answer all outstanding inquiries re URS.
15. Complete "URS and Other Procedures" and give copies to Bobby Lewis, Jill, Dante, and de Hoyos.
16. Gather for trip: Alexander folder, Documents folder with Itinerary; AEI folder; poetry folder; world Order folder; misc. correspondence and action including biographies.
17. Talk to Jay Hall on phone.
18. Pay METRON bills, including rent.
19. Clear action folder completely.
20. Talk to Sara Miller on Monday February 7.
21. Finish Poetry
22. Straighten out office for possible moving and bring box of personal stuff to Political Science office.
23. Write BRC.
24. Turn in revised classification article to Dave Sills.
Di Mora (send broth. address to Masaccio)
François Gluck (Paris)
Robert Lochner (re interview programs) (send him book and Turkish address)
June and Yaeger (Germany)
26. Arrange to have letters sent to all unpaid Codex I purchasers.
27. Phone: Dan Fendrick; Don Stieger and ask for desk officers of Tunis, Egypt, Syria, Libya, and Jordan.